Lesson 10: Ralph Workman study: “Yet Forty Days” Part 3
The Elect Should Not Depart From Jerusalem
We read in Acts 1:4:
“And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me.”
God is commanding the elect that they should not depart from Jerusalem but that they should wait for the promise. As believers we are citizens of Jerusalem above, which is the kingdom of heaven. We are not to depart back to the churches and congregations or to the world. If we do then we are not trusting God. We are proving that we were never truly a child of God. This is all part of the test that God has prepared when He established the double forty period of Judgment Day.
The Elect Should Wait For The Promise
The promise that we should wait for is in the next verse 5:
“For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.”
This verse certainly has to do with the church age and Pentecost but it can also apply to the end of the spiritual forty period of Judgment Day. Baptizing has to do with the cleansing of sin. And when we become saved we are cleansed in our soul existence. However we still have a body that is corrupted with sin. Therefore we are not completely cleansed of sin. However on the very last day of the spiritual forty
period of Judgment Day our sin infected bodies will be baptized or cleansed by the Holy Ghost (God). Our physical bodies will be changed in an instant into brand new spiritual bodies without sin. Thus our salvation will be made complete in both body and soul. This is the promise of God that we are to wait for while in this spiritual forty time period of Judgment Day.
The Elect Will Be Witnesses Of Him
Verse 8 proclaims that the elect will be witnesses of Him. “and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” Again this verse applies to the church age but it can also apply to the spiritual forty period of Judgment Day. The elect will be witnesses of Him because they will be the only ones that can see His return through the word of God. We will be witnesses of Him in Jerusalem (to the elect) and to the uttermost parts of the earth (the world). God has a plan that we are to bring the message of Judgment Day to the elect and to the world. We will address this in more detail later on in our study.
Event 4 – Child Birth And The Ceremonial Law Of Purification
We read the following in Leviticus 12:1-5 regarding the ceremonial law of purification after child birth;
“1And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 2Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, If a woman has conceived seed, and has borne a male, then she shall be unclean seven days; as on the days of her menstrual impurity she shall be unclean. 3And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. 4And she shall remain in the blood of her cleansing thirty three days; she shall not touch any holy thing, and she shall not go into the sanctuary, until the days of her cleansing are fulfilled. 5And if she bears a female, then she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her menstruation; and she shall continue in the blood of her cleansing sixty six days”
After bearing a child the law required that a woman be ceremonially cleaned for a period of time before she was allowed to enter into the sanctuary or holy place. If she bore a male she was to be purified or cleansed for a period of time comprised of seven days plus thirty-three days for a total of forty days. If she bore a female she was to be cleansed for a period of time comprised of fourteen days plus sixty-six days for a total of eighty days. In other words if she bore a male her purification period was forty days and if she bore a female her purification was an additional forty days. The purification for a male child was accomplished at the end of the first forty and the purification for a female was accomplished at the end of a second forty. The ceremonial cleansing of a woman in connection to childbirth as we can clearly see is represented by a double forty. Now lets consider for a moment cleansing or purification. In order for a person to enter into the sanctuary or the holy place (heaven) they must first be cleansed of their sins. The only way a person can be
clean enough to enter into heaven is if Jesus paid the price for their sin. The price that Jesus paid was the experience of Judgment Day from before the foundation of the world. With this in mind lets take another look at this. The woman here typifies the elect who are the bride of Christ. The double forties typify the time of cleansing. And the cleansing or purification typifies Judgment Day. The woman (the elect) had to pass through Judgment Day (this was done through Christ), which is represented by the double forty time period in order to be purified or qualified to enter into the kingdom of heaven. This is a very simple illustration of how God uses the double forties to represent the time period of Judgment Day. The two forties are one in that they are both pointing to one and the same cleansing or Judgment Day. God did not pay twice as much for the sins of a woman than a man the payment is all the same payment. Thus the two are one just as the forty days and forty nights of the flood are one forty-day period. God is demonstrating through this that the purification that enables us to enter into the kingdom of heaven is represented by a double forty period of judgment. God does all the work in saving us. Therefore like our physical birth the completion of our birth into the kingdom of heaven is all the work of God. We had no choice in the matter. We will be revisiting this event latter on in our study to look at something very amazing regarding this event and the calendar that God will reveal to us. So just keep reading you will be rewarded.
Why Did God Choose To Represent Judgment Day With Double Forties?
Before we move on to Event #5 lets consider a question. Why did God choose to represent Judgment Day with the double forties? This may seem like a peculiar way to represent Judgment Day but once we understand a few key points about Judgment Day it will make sense as to why God represents it in this manner. The answer lies in what we already know. The following is a list of things that we know:
- Jesus experienced Judgment Day from before the foundation of the world. That is Jesus paid for the sins of the elect from before the foundation of the world.
- Judgment Day at the cross was a demonstration pointing back to the reality of the actual Judgment Day that occurred from before the foundation of the world.
- The elect have already passed through Judgment Day because Christ did so on their behalf (ref. 2:11-15).
- The elect are not the recipients of Judgment Day because they have had their sins paid for from before the foundation of the world.
- The elect are currently witnessing the spiritual judgment upon the unsaved through the word of God.
Jesus experienced two Judgment Days. The first experience was spiritual and the second a physical demonstration pointing back to the reality of the first. The first experience (from before the foundation of the world) paid for the sins of the elect.
The second experience (at the cross) although quite real for Jesus suffered in the flesh was only a demonstration pointing back to the spiritual reality of what Jesus did in paying for our sins from before the foundation of the world. The two are one in the sense that the cross points back to the spiritual reality of Jesus experience from before the foundation of the world. Judgment Day therefore has a spiritual aspect and an outward physical aspect and this is reflected in God’s use of the double forties. God is demonstrating this through His use of the double forties. He has demonstrated that both forties in each event are one in that they are both pointing to one and the same deliverance/judgment. Just as the forty days and forty nights of the flood are one forty day period pointing to one and the same deliverance/judgment. This condition is also true for the elect. The elect have had their sins paid for by Jesus from before the foundation of the world. Therefore because Jesus has already experienced Judgment Day on behalf of the elect it is like the elect have already passed through Judgment Day. However the elect now find themselves in Judgment Day again. How could this be? Since Jesus has already experienced the double forty period of Judgment Day on our behalf we have already been purified because Jesus has paid the price on our behalf. Jesus has already passed the test of on our behalf as demonstrated by His forty days and forty nights in the wilderness tempted of Satan. The double forty period of Judgment Day therefore that the elect now find themselves in is a demonstration or manifestation of what Jesus did in paying for our sins. The elect are proving as they go through this testing period of Judgment Day that they are the children of God by passing through this double forty period of Judgment Day and coming out of it with spiritual life rather then spiritual death. For the elect the Judgment Day that we are currently passing through is a demonstration pointing back to the Judgment Day that we spiritually went through when Jesus did so on our behalf. The two Judgment Days consequently are one for the elect just like the forty days and forty nights of the flood are one forty day judgment period. Although these truths are being spiritually manifested now to the elect through the Bible, they will be revealed physically on the last day to the unsaved at the end of Judgment Day when the elect are taken up and the unsaved are left behind to face destruction. We can therefore see that the spiritual forty period of Judgment Day is a demonstration of the fact that the elect have been saved.
The Number Thirty-Nine Is A Substitute For The Number Forty
Paul when speaking of his sufferings as an apostle in 2 Corinthians 11:24 said;
“Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one.”
The law indicates in Deuteronomy 25:3 that the maximum number of allowable stripes is forty. It is most likely that those administering the stripes did not want to violate this law by going beyond forty stripes and so thirty-nine stripes were substituted. This gave them a buffer. Therefore thirty-nine was a substitute for forty.
Remember that Jesus experienced Judgment Day from before the foundation of the world? And recall that Judgment Day at the cross was actually a demonstration or substitute pointing back to the real Judgment Day that Jesus experienced from before the foundation of the world? We will find that God uses the number thirty- nine in the next event and in two other events that we will look at to illustrate the fact that Judgment Day at the cross was a demonstration or a substitute.
Event 5 –Jesus Age At The Time Of The Cross
When the Julian/Gregorian calendar was prepared there were two major errors made. The first error was the fact that the timing of Jesus birth was moved by seven years. The second was that in going from Old Testament (BC) dates to New Testaments (AD) dates the year 0 was not included. By leaving out the year 0 it is impossible to have continuity between Old and New Testament dates. Therefore when calculating the time between events from an Old Testament date to a New Testament date, because there is no year 0, one has to take into account that the actual number of years is one less than the calendar years. The impact of this error is such that we are enabled to have two methods by which the passage of time between the Old and New Testament can be calculated. We know that God is in control of everything even the calendar system and that He allowed this error. With this in mind lets examine Jesus age at the cross.
Jesus went to the cross in 33 AD to demonstrate the fact that He paid for the sins of the elect from before the foundation of the world. We also know that Jesus was born in 7 BC. The following observations can therefore be made regarding His age;
- Jesus age in calendar years: 33 + 7 = 40. In calendar years Jesus would have been in His fortieth year of age at the time of the cross.
- Jesus age in actual years: 33 + 7 – 1= 39 years. Because of the fact that there is no year zero in the Gregorian calendar system one year is subtracted when going from BC to AD. In actual years Jesus would have been in His thirty- ninth year of age at the time of the cross.Depending on the whether you were looking at Jesus age from actual years or calendar years Jesus would have been in His thirty-ninth or fortieth year of age at the time of the cross. Since the number thirty-nine points to forty in that it is a substitute for forty we have a portrait of double forties as it relates to Jesus demonstration of Judgment Day at the cross. Both forties are one in that they both point to one and the same Judgment Day. Just as the forty-day and forty night Judgment Day period of the flood was one forty day period. As a direct result of this calendar error when switching from BC to AD we find that the demonstration of Judgment Day at the cross is marked by the double forties.
The fact that Jesus went to the cross in His thirty-ninth year (when thirty-nine is a substitute for forty) shows that the cross was a substitute or demonstration of the actual Judgment Day that Christ experienced from before the foundation of the world.
Event 6 – Moses Is Used Of God To Deliver The People Of Israel Out Of Egypt
We read in Acts 7:22-37;
“22And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds. 23And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. 24And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian: 25For he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not. 26And the next day he shewed himself unto them as they strove, and would have set them at one again, saying, Sirs, ye are brethren; why do ye wrong one to another? 27But he that did his neighbour wrong thrust him away, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us? 28Wilt thou kill me, as thou diddest the Egyptian yesterday? 29Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons. 30And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush. 31When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight: and as he drew near to behold it, the voice of the Lord came unto him, 32Saying, I am the God of thy fathers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Then Moses trembled, and durst not behold. 33Then said the Lord to him, Put off thy shoes from thy feet: for the place where thou standest is holy ground. I have seen, 34I have seen the affliction of my people which is in Egypt, and I have heard their groaning, and am come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send thee into Egypt. 35This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush. 36He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years. 37This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear.”
In this account we find that Moses (who typifies Jesus) attempted to deliver the people of Israel from the bondage of Egypt (which typifies the world) in 1487 BC when Moses was forty years old. The Israelites had entered Egypt in the year 1877 BC and so this meant that Israel had been in Egypt three hundred and ninety years at this point in time. It is interesting that Moses at first had the intention of delivering Israel from their bondage to Egypt in the three hundred and ninetieth year after Israel had entered into Egypt. One would have thought that Moses would have waited until Israel was in Egypt four hundred years to begin that effort since
God indicated to Abraham that Israel would be in bondage to Egypt four hundred years as we read in Genesis 15:13-14;
“13And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 14And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.”
Now Israel was in Egypt a total of four hundred and thirty years when they were delivered from Egypt in the year 1447 BC. We have always understood this in the manner that when God said that Israel was in bondage to Egypt four hundred years that that simply related to the time that they were enslaved to the Egyptians. That is for the first thirty years they were not enslaved and the remaining four hundred years they were enslaved. This is most likely true in the physical sense however in the spiritual sense God is focusing our attention on the four hundredth year as the time of deliverance. We know that Moses made the first attempt to deliver the Israelites in the three hundred and ninetieth year after they entered Egypt. We read in Acts 7:22 that “Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds”. Since Moses was highly educated he most likely was aware of God’s statement to Abraham that Israel would be in bondage to Egypt four hundred years. We also read in Acts 7:25 “For he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not.” However whether he knew of it or not God allowed Moses to make the first attempt at delivering Israel in the three hundred and ninetieth year rather then in the four hundredth year. When the Israelites refused to be delivered at this time Moses returned forty years later (Israel had been in Egypt four hundred and thirty years by this time) when he was eighty years old to deliver the people of Israel from the hand of the Egyptians. Moses attempted to deliver the people twice from Egypt, once when he was forty years old and forty years later when he was eighty. Notice again that we have a double forty. Observe also that each of the forty unit time periods are pointing to one and the same deliverance. That is the two forties are one just as the forty days and forty nights of the flood are one forty day period. God yet again is associating the deliverance of God’s people with double forties. Which is spiritually pointing to God’s deliverance of the elect from this world into heaven.
We have looked at this event from the perspective of Moses age. Now let’s take a look at this from the perspective of Israel’s time in Egypt. Lets consider the number three hundred and ninety and why it is that Moses attempted to deliver the people in the three hundred and ninetieth year rather then in the four hundredth year. We understand from many years of Bible study that whenever we add or subtract zeros to or from a number in the Bible that it does not change the spiritual meaning of that number. For example the numbers ten, one hundred and the number one thousand all mean completeness. This event features the number three hundred and ninety and the number four hundred. Therefore spiritually these are the same as the number thirty-nine and the number forty. Remember that the number thirty-nine is a substitute for the number forty (2 Cor. 11:24)? Moses attempted to deliver the
people the first time from Egypt in the three hundredth and ninetieth year, which is spiritually pointing to forty. That is he substituted 390 (39) for 400 (40) when he attempted to deliver the people of Israel from Egypt the first time. That is Moses attempted to deliver the people from Egypt the first time in the three hundredth and ninetieth year, which is spiritually pointing to forty. And when that attempt failed Moses left Egypt and returned forty years later to deliver the Israelites from the Egyptians at the end of a second forty. Notice once more that we have a double forty associated with this event. Observe that each of the forty-unit time periods are pointing to one and the same deliverance. That is the two forties are one just as the forty days and forty nights of the flood are one forty day period. God a second time, but this time thru the number three hundred and ninety and the number four hundred, is associating the deliverance of God’s people with double forties.
Now the first attempt that Moses made in the three hundredth and ninetieth year was a substitute or demonstration of the actual deliverance that occurred forty years later. We can see this in the language of Acts 7 in three ways. First Moses (typifying Christ) attempted to deliver his fellow Israelite (typifying the elect) who was suffering wrong at the hand of the Egyptian (typifying the world). And second by the killing of the Egyptian (typifying the unsaved world). Third Moses’s brethren (those who identify with Christ but are not saved) said in Acts 7:27-28; “Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us? Wilt thou kill me, as thou diddest the Egyptian yesterday?” And of course yes those who identify with Christ but are not saved will die in Judgment Day by the hand of God when the elect are delivered into the promised land of heaven. This is all a demonstration of Judgment Day when the elect are delivered and the world is destroyed. A time when those who identify with Christ but are not saved reject the word of God by saying you cannot know the day and the hour essentially refusing the fact that God has come to deliver them. We can see through this language that the first attempted deliverance by Moses represented by the number 39 (390) was a demonstration or substitution for the real deliverance that took place forty years later. Ultimately however the use of the number thirty-nine here is pointing to the fact that Judgment Day at the cross was a demonstration or substitute pointing to the real Judgment Day that Jesus experienced before the world began.
Let’s examine again the promise that God made to Abraham in Genesis 15:13-14;
“13And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 14And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.”
Although Israel was a stranger in the land of Egypt four hundred years this verse ultimately is referring spiritually to the deliverance of the elect into the kingdom of God at the end of the world. God indicates that Israel will come out of Egypt (which typifies the world) with great substance. When Israel left Egypt they basically emptied Egypt of all of their riches. This is a portrait of the end of the world when the true believers will inherit the new heaven and the new earth for in like manner on the last day this world will
be taken away from the unsaved and given to the true believers. However the new world that the true believers will inherit will not be the same world but a brand new world that is no longer under the curse of God. God is insisting in verse 13 that this is of a surety that is it is not to be disputed it is bound to happen. After four hundred years or a spiritual forty time period God will deliver the elect into the kingdom of God. Remember the double forties point to one spiritual forty Judgment Day period just as the forty day and forty night Judgment Day period of the flood was one forty day period. Notice in verse 14 that God states that at that time He will judge that nation whom they serve that is Egypt who typifies the world. This is all language pointing to the double forty time period of Judgment Day that we are currently living in when God is judging the unsaved of the world and delivering His elect into the kingdom of heaven.
Event 7 – Ezekiel 4, Judgment On The Church
Please read Ezekiel 4 before continuing on with our study.
Ezekiel 4 has to do with Gods judgment against the nation of Israel (which typifies the churches & congregations) during the tribulation period when God withdraws His word from them because of their rebellion. Judgment we know first begins in the house of the Lord (1 Peter 4:7).
In 931 BC the nation of Israel was divided into two nations. The southern kingdom with two tribes and its capital in Jerusalem was called Judah because its dominant people were the tribe of Judah. And the northern kingdom called Israel with ten tribes had its capital in Samaria.
God is using the prophet Ezekiel here in Ezekiel 4 to typify Israel. Ezekiel was commanded to take a clay tile and iron pan and use these items to simulate God’s judgment against Jerusalem. Furthermore he was to lie on one side for a period of three hundred and ninety days to simulate God’s judgment against Israel upon Ezekiel. He then was to repeat this by laying on his other side for a period of forty days to simulate God’s judgment on Judah. We read in Ezekiel 4:4-6;
“4Lie thou also upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it: according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it thou shalt bear their iniquity. 5For I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and ninety days: so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel. 6And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year.”
God declares that each day of the three hundred and ninety day period represents a year and each day of the forty day period represents a year. We are immediately reminded of Event #6 (Moses Is Used Of God To Deliver The People Of Israel Out Of Egypt) which featured both the three hundred and ninety years and the forty years. It is the only place in the Bible where we find both the three hundred and ninety
years and forty years used together. In that event the three hundred and ninety years and forty years had to do with Judgment Day and likewise here the three hundred and ninety years and forty years have to do with judgment. Now lets carefully consider something here. Israel with its ten tribes and Judah with its two tribes are one in that they both make up the one nation of Israel with twelve tribes. Israel and Judah therefore are one. In addition spiritually both Israel and Judah typify the churches and congregations and so they are also one in that respect. The two are one therefore the judgment against them is one and the same judgment. Therefore the three hundred and ninety years and forty years are one and the same judgment. The two are one. Do you see how beautifully God has tied this all together? And since the three hundred and ninety or thirty-nine is pointing to forty we have two forties pointing to one and the same judgment. Just as the forty days and forty nights of the flood point to one and the same forty day judgment. Do you see how this harmonizes with Event #6 and all of the other events that we have looked at? But why does God put this picture of Judgment Day in with language that is talking about the tribulation period here in Ezekiel 4 when the word of God is being pinched off from the churches and congregations? First of all God is making note of the fact that the churches and congregations will paying for their own sin as a result of their rebellion because they do not have Christ as their covering. And secondly He is giving us the reason why they will have to pay for their own sin as demonstrated by the use of the number three hundred and ninety or thirty-nine. Recall that in Event #6 Moses (who typified Christ) attempted to deliver the people of Israel in the three hundredth and ninetieth year. This we found was a demonstration or substitute of the real deliverance that was to occur forty years later when Moses would return and actually deliver the people. In the three hundredth and ninetieth year the people of Israel refused to be delivered. Like the Israelites the churches and congregations could not see that God would come to deliver them and so they rejected the idea all together. Also recall in Event #5 that Jesus went to the cross in His thirty-ninth year of age pointing to the truth that the cross was a demonstration or substitute for what Jesus did by paying for the sins of the elect from before the foundation of the world. The cross is of utmost importance in that it demonstrates what Christ did in paying for the sins of the elect from before the foundation of the world. The problem is that this has become a stumbling block (1 Pet 2:7-8) for the churches and congregations in that they look at the physical act of Christ dying on the cross and say that this is the payment for their sins. However the Bible is clear that Christ died for sin from before the foundation of the world. The hope of the churches and congregations is in the physical act and the hope of the elect is in the spiritual act, the fact that Christ paid for sins from before the foundation of the world. You see the hope of the churches and congregations is on the number three hundred and ninety or thirty-nine the substitute or the demonstration while the hope of the elect is on the spiritual or the real. God is illustrating here that since the hope of the churches and congregations are on the substitute or the physical they are left with no covering for their sins. They are in this condition because their hope is in a man made gospel a substitute rather then in the true spiritual word of God. Ancient Israel and the churches and congregations have always placed their faith in the physical rather then in the spiritual. Some
examples of this for ancient Israel would be sacrifices, circumcision, the fact that they are descendants of Abraham, traditions of men, keeping the law, etc. Some examples for the churches and congregations would be water baptism, accepting Christ, the Lord’s table, etc. For instance the physical act of baptism or dipping ourselves in water does not clean us of our sins as many churches believe. It is only the spiritual baptism or the fact that Christ has cleansed us from our sins that has any substance. Water baptism is only a physical demonstration or substitute of the washing away of our sins that only God can do. You see the churches and congregations want a substitute. And that is why God features the number three hundred and ninety or thirty-nine here in Ezekiel 4 because the churches and congregations are looking toward the substitute rather then in the real that is spiritual.
Because the churches and congregations have a man made gospel that is good for nothing they can not know the time of Christ return because it is spiritually discerned from God’s word.